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Welcome to the

Carbonate Reservoir Group

The Carbonate Reservoir Group at the Institute of Petroleum Engineering is world-renowned for its applied and fundamental research on improving the predictability of hydrocarbon recovery from carbonate reservoirs.

Journal Publications


Maes J, Geiger S, Direct pore-scale reactive transport modelling of dynamic wettability changes induced by surface complexation. Advances in Water Resources, 10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.10.032. 2017.

Jobe TD, Geiger S, Jiang Z, Zhang S, Agar SM, Micropore network modelling from 2D confocal imagery: impact on reservoir quality and hydrocarbon recovery. Petroleum Geoscience, doi:10.1144/petgeo2017-017, 2017.

Zhang Z, Geiger S, Rood M, Jacquemyn C, Jackson M, Hampson G, Carvalho F, Coda C, Silva J, Costa Sousa M, A tracing algorithm for flow diagnostics on fully unstructured grids with multipoint flux approximation. SPE Journal, doi:10.2118/182635-PA, 2017.

Lupi M, Frehner M, Weis P. Skelton A, Saenger EH, Tisato N, Geiger S, Chiodini G, Driesner T, Regional earthquakes followed by delayed ground uplifts at Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy: Arguments for a causal link. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.07.006, 2017.

Jiang Z, van Dijke MIJ, Geiger S, Ma J, Couples GD, Li X, Pore network extraction for fractured porous media. Advances in Water Resources, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2017.06.025, 2017.

Mangione A, Lewis H, Geiger S, Wood R, Beavington-Penney S, McQuilken J, Cortes J, Combining basin modelling with high-resolution heat-flux simulations to investigate the key drivers for burial dolomitization in an offshore carbonate reservoir. Petroleum Geoscience, doi: 10.1144/petgeo2016-024, 2017.

Stone D, Geiger S, Lord GJ, Asynchronous discrete event schemes for PDEs. Journal of Computational Physics, doi:10.1016/, 2017.

Agada S, Geiger S, El-Sheikh A, Oladyshkin S, Data-driven surrogates for rapid simulation and optimization of WAG injection in fractured carbonate reservoirs. Petroleum Geoscience, doi:10.1144/petgeo2016-068, 2017.

Schmid KS, Alyafei N, Geiger S, Blunt MJ, Analytical solutions for spontaneous imbibition: Fractional-flow theory and experimental analysis. SPE Journal, doi:10.2118/184393-PA, 2017.


March R, Doster F, Geiger S, Accurate early and late time modelling of countercurrent spontaneous imbibition. Water Resources Research, 52(8), 6263-6276, doi:10.1002/2015WR018456, 2016.

Zhang S, Liu HH, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Agar SM, Constitutive relations for reactive transport modeling: Effects of chemical reactions on multi-phase flow properties. Transport in Porous Media, 114(3), 795–814, doi:10.1007/s11242-016-0744-52016.

Edery Y, Geiger S, Berkowitz B, Structural controls on anomalous transport in fractured porous rock. Water Resources Research, 52(7), 5634–5643, doi:10.1002/2016WR018942, 2016.

Pak T, Butler IB, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Jiang Z, Surmas R, Multiscale pore-network representation of heterogeneous carbonate rocks. Water Resources Research, 52(7), 5433-5441, doi:10.1002/2016WR018719, 2016.

Corbett PWMC, Estrella R, Morales Rodriguez A, Shoier A, Borghi L, Tavarez AC, Integration of Cretaceous Morro do Chaves rock properties (NE Brazil) with the Holocene Hamelin Coquina architecture (Shark Bay, Western Australia) to model effective permeability. Petroleum Geoscience, doi:10.1144/petgeo2015-054, 2016.

Ahmed Elfeel M, Al-Dhahli A, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Fracture-matrix interactions during immiscible three-phase flow. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 143, 171-186, doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2016.02.012, 2016.

Agada S, Geiger S, Doster F, Wettability, hysteresis and fracture–matrix interaction during CO2 EOR and storage in fractured carbonate reservoirs. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 46, 57-75, doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.12.035, 2016.


Hardebol NJ, Maier C, Nick, H, Geiger S, Bertotti G, Boro H, Multi-scale fracture network characterization and impact on flow: A case study on the Latemar carbonate platform. Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, 8197–8222, doi:10.1002/2015JB011879, 2015.

Kallel W, van Dijke MIJ, Sorbie KS, Wood R, Jiang Z, Harland S, Modelling the effect of wettability distributions on oil recovery from microporous carboante reservoirs. Advances in Water Resources, doi:j.advwatres.2015.05.025, 2015.

Ruehaak W, Guadagnini A, Geiger S, Baer K, Gu Y, Aretz A, Homuth S, Sass I, Upscaling thermal conductivities of sedimentary formations for geothermal exploration. Geothermics, 58, 49-61, doi:10.1016/j.geothermics.2015.08.004, 2015.

Chandra V, Barnett A, Corbett P, Geiger S, Wright P, Steele R, Milroy P, Effective integration of reservoir rock-typing and simulation using near-wellbore upscaling. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 67, 307-326, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.05.005, 2015.

Pak T, Butler IB, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Sorbie KS, Droplet fragmentation: 3D imaging of a previously unidentified pore-scale process during multiphase flow in porous media. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 112(7), 1947–1952, doi:10.1073/pnas.1420202112, 2015.

Edwards RWJ, Celia MA, Bandilla KW, Doster F, Kanno CM, A model to testimate carbon dioxide injectivity and storage capacity for geological sequestration in shale gas wells. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(15), 9222-9229, 2015.

Faigle B, Ahmed Elfeel M, Helmig R, Becker B, Flemisch B, Geiger S, Multi-physics modeling of non-isothermal compositional flow on adaptive grids. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 292, 16-34, doi:10.1016/j.cma.2014.11.030, 2015.

Juri JE, van Dijke MIJ, Sorbie KS, Inversion of lattice network structure subjected to carbonate mercury intrusion capillary pressure. Transport in Porous Media, 106(1), 73-106, 2015.

Harland SR, Wood RA, Curtis A, van Dijke MIJ, Stratford K, Jiang Z, Kallel W, Sorbie KS, Quantifying flow in variably wet microporous carbonates using object-based geological modelling and both lattice-Boltzmann and pore network fluid flow simulations. AAPG Bulletin, 99(10), 1-34, 2015.

Agar S and Geiger S, Fundamental controls on fluid flow in carbonates: current workflows to emerging technologies. Geological Society of London Special Publications, 406, doi:10.1144/SP406.18, 1-59, 2015.

Chandra V, Wright P, Barnett A, Steele R, Milroy P, Corbett PWMC, Geiger S, Evaluating the impact of a late-burial corrosion model on reservoir permeability and performance in a mature carbonate field using near-wellbore upscaling. Geological Society of London Special Publications, doi 10.1144/SP406.11, 427-445, 2015.


Al-Dhahli A, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Impact of pore-scale three-phase flow for arbitrary wettability on reservoir-scale oil recovery. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 121, 110-121, doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2014.06.018, 2014.

Suramairy R, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Al-Dhahli A, Field-scale simulation of WAG using pore-scale network modelling. American Journal of Oil and Chemical Technologies, 2(3), 85-104, 2014.

Mangione A, Lewis H, Geiger S, van der Land C, Wood R, Couples G, Synthetic diagenesis - the key to carbonate systems in basin modelling. First Break, 32, 151-152, 2014.

Weis P, Driesner T, Comou D, Geiger S, Hydrothermal, multi-phase convection of H2O-NaCl fluids from ambient to magmatic temperatures: A new numerical scheme and benchmarks for code comparison. Geofluids. 14(3), 347-371, doi:10.1111/gfl.12080, 2014.

Agada S, Chen F, Geiger S, Toigulova G, Agar S, Shekhar R, Benson G, Hehmeyer O, Amour F, Mutti M, Christ N, Immenhauser A, Numerical simulation of fluid flow processes in a 3D high-resolution carbonate reservoir analogue. Petroleum Geosciences. 20, 125-142, doi:10.1144/petgeo2012-096, 2014.

Ryazanov A, Sorbie KS, van Dijke MIJ, Structure of residual oil as a function of wettability using pore-network modelling. Advances in Water Resources. 63, 11-21, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.09.012, 2014.

Geiger S, Matthai SK, What can we learn from high-resolution numerical simulations of single- and multi-phase fluid flow in fractured outcrop analogues? In: Advances in the Study of Fractured Reservoirs, eds., Spence GH, Redfern J, Aguilera R, Bevan TG, Cosgrove JW, Couples GD, Daniel JM. Geological Society of London Special Publications, 374, 124-144, doi:10.1144/SP374.8, 2014.

Hamdi H, Ruelland P, Bergey P, Corbett PWM, Using geological well testing for improving the selection of appropriate reservoir models. Petroleum Geoscience, 20(4), 353-368, 2014.

Doster F, Hilfer R, A comparison between simulation and experiment for hysteretic phenomena during two-phase immiscible displacement. Water Resources Research, 50(1), 681–686, 2014.

Guo B, Nordbotten JM, Doster F, Keilegavlen E, Celia  MA, A vertically integrated model with vertical dynamics for CO2 storage. Water Resources Research. 50(8), 6269–6284, 2014.

Kang M, Nordbotten JM, Doster F, Celia MA, Analytical solutions for two-phase subsurface flow to a leaky fault considering vertical flow effects and fault properties. Water Resources Research. 50(4), 3536–3552, 2014.


Tecklenburg J, Neuweiler I, Dentz M, Carrera J, Geiger S, Abramowski C, Silva O, A non-local two-phase flow model for immiscible displacement in highly heterogeneous porous media and its parametrization Advances in Water Resources, 62, 475-487, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.05.012, 2013.

Joekar-Niasar V, Doster F, Armstrong RT, Wildenschild D, Celia MA, Trapping and hysteresis in two-phase flow in porous media: a pore-network study. Water Resources Research, 49(7), 4244-4256, 2013.

van der Land C, Wood RA, Wu K, van Dijke MIJ, Jiang Z, Corbett PWM, Couples GD, Modelling the permeability evolution of carbonate rocks. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 48, 1-7, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.07.006, 2013.

Jiang Z, van Dijke MIJ, Sorbie KS, Couples GD, Representation of multiscale heterogeneity via multiscale pore networks. Water Resources Research, 49, 1-13, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20304, 2013.

Geiger S, Dentz M, Neuweiler I, A novel multi-rate dual-porosity model for improved simulation of fractured and multi-porosity reservoirs. SPE Journal, 18(4), 670-684, doi:10.2118/148130-PA, 2013.

Al-Dhahli A, van Dijke MIJ, Geiger S, Accurate modelling of pore-scale film and layer flow for three-phase flow processes in clastic and carbonate rocks with arbitrary wettability. Transport in Porous Media, 98, 259-286, doi:10.1007/s11242-013-0144-z, 2013.

Chandra V, Corbett PWM, Geiger S, Hamdi H, Improving reservoir characterisation and simulation with near wellbore modeling. SPE Reservoir Evaluation and Engineering, 16(2), 183-193, doi:10.2118/148104-PA, 2013.

Crutchley GJ, Berndt C, Geiger S, Klaeschen D, Papenberg C, Klaucke I, Hornbach MJ, Bangs NLB, Maier C, Drivers of focused and prolonged fluid flow at South Hydrate Ridge, offshore Oregon. Geology, 41(5), 551-554, doi:10.1130/G34057.1, 2013.

Al-Dhahli A, Geiger S, van Dijke MIJ, Three-phase pore-network modelling for reservoirs with arbitrary wettability. SPE Journal, 18(2), 285-295, doi:10.2118/147991-PA, 2013.

Schmid KS, Geiger S, Sorbie KS, Higher Order FE-FV method on unstructured grids for transport and two-phase flow with variable viscosity in heterogeneous porous media. Journal of Computational Physics, 241, 416–444, doi:10.1016/, 2013.

Agar S, Geiger S, Leonide P, Lamarche J, Neilson J, Gosselin O, Pyrak-Nolte L, Jackson M, Kenter J, Bertotti G, Jones G, Whitaker F, Hampson G, and Matthai SK, Summary of the AAPG-SPE-SEG Hedberg Research Conference “Fundamental Controls of Flow in Carbonate Reservoirs”. AAPG Bulletin, 97(4), 533–552, doi:10.1306/12171212229, 2013.

Schmid KS, Geiger S, Universal scaling of spontaneous imbibition for arbitrary petrophysical properties: Water-wet and mixed-wet states and Handy's conjecture. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 101, 44-61, doi:10.1016/j.petrol.2012.11.015, 2013.

Arnold D, Demaynov V, Tatum D, Christie M, Rojas T, Geiger S, Corbett PWM, Hierarchical benchmark case study for history matching, uncertainty quantification and reservoir characterisation. Computers and Geosciences, 50, 5-14, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2012.09.011, 2013.


Doster F, Hoenig O, Hilfer R, Horizontal flow and capillarity-driven redistribution in porous media. Physical Review E, 86(1), 016317, 2013.

Main IG, Bell AF, Meredith PG, Geiger S, Touati S, The dilatancy-diffusion hypothesis and earthquake predictability. In: Faulting, fracturing and igneous intrusion in the Earth's crust, eds., Healy D, Butler RWH, Shipton ZK, Sibson RH. Geological Society of London Special Publications, 367, 215-230, doi:10.1144/SP367.15, 2012.

Geiger S, Schmid KS, Zaretskiy Y, Mathematical analysis and numerical simulation of multi-phase multi-component flow in heterogeneous porous media. Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science, 12, 147-155, 10.1016/j.cocis.2012.01.003, 2012.

Zaretskiy Y, Geiger S, Sorbie KS, Direct numerical simulation of pore-scale reactive transport: applications to wettability alteration during two-phase flow. International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, 5(2-3), 142-156, 10.1504/IJOGCT.2012.046318, 2012.

Corbett PWM, Geiger S, Borges L, Garayev M, Valdez C, The third porosity: Understanding the role of hidden porosity in well test interpretation in carbonates. Petroleum Geosciences, 18, 73-81, 2012.

Jiang Z, van Dijke MIJ, Couples GD, Sorbie KS, Ma J, Stochastic pore network generation from 3D rock images. Transport in Porous Media, 94(2), 571-593,, 2012.

Schmid KS, Geiger S, Sorbie KS, Analytical solutions for co- and counter-current imbibition of sorbing, dispersive solutes in immiscible two-phase flow. Computational Geosciences, 16(2), 351-366, 10.1007/s10596-012-9282-6, 2012.

Geiger S, Lord GJ, Tambue A, Exponential time integrators for stochastic partial differential equations in 3D reservoir simulation. Computational Geosciences, 16(2), 323-334, doi:10.1007/s10596-011-9273-z, 2012.

Schmid KS, Geiger S, Universal scaling of spontaneous imbibition for water-wet systems. Water Resources Research, 48, W03507, doi:10.1029/2011WR011566, 2012. Featured article and AGU Spotlight.


Doster F, Hilfer R, Generalized Buckley–Leverett theory for two-phase flow in porous media. New Journal of Physics, 13, 123030, 2011.

Lupi M, Geiger S, Carey RJ, Thordarson T, Houghton BF, A model for syn-eruptive groundwater flow during the phreatoplinian phase of the 28-29 March 1875 Askja volcano eruption, Iceland. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 203(3-4), 146-157, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.04.009, 2011.

Lupi M, Geiger S, Graham C, Numerical simulations of seismicity-induced fluid flow in the Tjoernes Fracture Zone, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B07101, doi:10.1029/2010JB007732, 2011.

Schmid KS, Geiger S, Sorbie KS, Semi-analytical solutions for co- and counter-current imbibition and dispersion of solutes in immiscible two-phase flow. Water Resources Research, 47, W02550, doi:10.1029/2010WR009686, 2011.

Charalampidou EM, Hall SA, Stanchits S, Lewis H, Viggiani G, Characterization of shear and compaction bands in a porous sandstone deformed under triaxial compression. Tectonophysics, 503(1-2), 8-17, 2011.

Corbett PWM, Williams G, Gosselin O, Coleou T, Christie M, Hamdi H, Chandra V, Bowkett J, van Wijngaarde AJn, Massonnat G, Owens J, King M, AGORA 2011 – Developing deeper understanding through interactive, cross-disciplinary workshops focused on business decisions. First Break, 29, 14-17, 2011.


Geiger S, Cortis A, Birkholzer JT, Upscaling solute transport in naturally fractured porous media with the Continuous Time Random Walk Method. Water Resources Research, 46, W12530, doi:10.1029/2010WR009133, 2010.

Zaretskiy Y, Geiger S, Sorbie KS, Foerster M, Efficient flow and transport simulations in reconstructed 3D pore geometries. Advances in Water Resources, 33(12), 1508-1516, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2010.08.008, 2010.

Geiger S, Emmanuel S, Non-fourier thermal transport in fractured geological media. Water Resources Research, 46, W07504, doi:10.1029/2009WR008671, 2010. AGU Spotlight, ScientificComputing

Lupi M, Geiger S, Graham C, Hydrothermal fluid flow within a tectonically active rift-ridge transform junction: the Tjornes Fracture Zone, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B05105, doi:10.1029/2009JB006640, 2010.

Ingebritsen SE, Geiger S, Hurwitz S, Driesner T, Numerical simulation of magmatic hydrothermal systems. Reviews of Geophysics, 48, RG1002, doi:10.1029/2009RG000287, 2010.

Tambue A, Lord GJ, Geiger S, An exponential integrator for advection-dominated reactive transport in heterogeneous porous media. Journal of Computational Physics, 229(10), 3957-3969,doi:10.1016/ 2010.

Crutchley G, Geiger S, Pecher IA, Gorman AR, Henrys SA, Zhu H, The potential influence of shallow gas and gas hydrates on sea floor erosion of Rock Garden, an uplifted ridge offshore of New Zealand. Geo-Marine Letters, 30, 283-303, doi:10.1007/s00367-010-0186-y, 2010.

Holm R, van Dijke MIJ, Geiger S, Three-phase flow modelling using pore-scale capillary pressures and relative permeabilities for mixed-wet media at the continuum-scale. Transport in Porous Media, 81(3), 423-442, doi:10.1007/s11242-009-9415-0, 2010.

Charalampidou EM, Hall SA, Stanchits S, Viggiani G, Lewis H, Characterization of shear and compaction bands in sandstone using x-ray tomography and 3D digital image correlation. In: Alshibli A. (Ed.) Applications of X-ray Microtomography to Geomaterials, John Wiley & Sons, 59-67, 2010.

2009 and earlier

Geiger S, Matthäi SK, Niessner J, Helmig R, Black-Oil simulations for three-component - three-phase flow in fractured porous media. SPE Journal, 14, 338-354, 2009.

Coumou D, Driesner T, Geiger S, Paluszny A, Heinrich CA, High-resolution 3D simulations of mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B07104, 10.1029/2008JB006121, 2009.

Coumou D, Matthäi SK, Geiger S, Driesner T, A parallel FE-FV scheme to solve fluid flow in complex geologic media. Computers and Geosciences, 34, 1697-1707, 2008.

Driesner T, Geiger S, Numerical simulations of multiphase fluid flow in hydrothermal systems. In: Fluid-Fluid Interactions, eds., Liebscher A, Heinrich CA. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 65, 187-212, 2007.

Matthäi SK, Geiger S, Roberts SG, Paluzny A, Belayneh M, Burri A, Mezentsev A, Lu H, Coumou D, Driesner T, Heinrich CA, Numerical simulations of multiphase fluid flow in structurally complex reservoirs. In: Structurally Complex Reservoirs, eds., Jolley SJ, Barr D, Walsh JJ, Knipe RJ. Geological Society of London Special Publications, 292, 405-429, 2007

Geiger S, Driesner D, Heinrich CA, Matthäi SK, Multiphase thermohaline convection in the Earth's crust: I. A novel finite element - finite volume solution technique combined with a new equation of state for NaCl-H2O. Transport in Porous Media, 63, 399-434, 2006.

Geiger S, Driesner D, Heinrich CA, Matthäi SK, Multiphase thermohaline convection in the Earth's crust: II. Benchmarking and application of a finite element - finite volume solution technique with a NaCl-H2O equation of state. Transport in Porous Media, 63, 435-461, 2006.

Coumou D, Geiger S, Driesner D, Heinrich CA, Matthäi SK, The dynamics of mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems: The splitting plumes and fluctuating vent temperatures. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 245, 218-231, 2006.

Belayneh M, Geiger S, Matthäi SK, Numerical simulation of water injection into layered fractured carbonate reservoir analogues. AAPG Bulletin, 90, 1473-1493, 2006.

Geiger S, Driesner D, Heinrich CA, Matthäi SK, On the dynamics of thermohaline convection in the Earth's crust. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, B07101, 2005.

Geiger S, Roberts S, Matthäi SK, Zoppou C and Burri A, Combining finite element and finite volume methods for efficient multiphase flow simulations in highly heterogeneous and structurally complex geologic media. Geofluids, 4, 284-299, 2004.

Geiger S, Roberts S, Matthäi SK, Zoppou C, Combining finite volume and finite element methods to simulate fluid flow in geologic media. ANZIAM Journal, 44(E), C180-201, 2003.

Geiger S, Haggerty R, Dilles JH, Reed MH, Matthäi SK, New insights from reactive transport modeling: The formation of the sericitic vein envelopes during early hydrothermal alteration at Butte, Montana. Geofluids, 2, 185-201, 2002.